As we clear our path through the Gospel records, we rapidly find that Jesus required the Holy Spirit at each progression and in each phase of His life and service. While the human instinct of Jesus was indivisibly joined to the Divine idea of the second Person of the Godhead, Jesus expected to carry on with a consummately pure life in the power and by the beauty of the Holy Spirit. It was not adequate for Him- – as the second Adam and agent of another humankind – to simply live as indicated by His Divine nature. What we need as fallen men is a human Redeemer who might pick up a human sacredness for His kin and would pass on a human demise in their place. As was valid for Adam so it was for Jesus- – the Last Adam. The Savior required the Holy Spirit to support and engage Him to comply with His Father, even to the point of death on the cross (Phil. 2:10).
Jesus required the Holy Spirit in each demonstration that occurred in His life and for crafted by reclamation. The Holy Spirit needed to dominate the virgin Mary at Jesus’ manifestation (Luke 1:35); Christ required the Spirit at His blessing for open service when John sanctified through water Him (Matt. 3:16; Luke 3:22); He required the Spirit when crashed into the wild so as to be enticed by the fallen angel (Matt. 4:1; Mark 1:12); He required the Spirit when throwing out evil presences so as to build up the kingdom of God (Matt. 12:28); He required the Spirit to empower Him to offer Himself without spot to God as a giving penance for the transgression of His kin (Heb. 9:14); and, He required the Spirit to raise Him from the dead (Rom. 8:11). At each progression in the Messianic service, Christ depended upon the Third Person of the Godhead.
In his wonderful work on The Holy Spirit, Sinclair Ferguson concisely outlined the different stages throughout Jesus’ life wherein the Holy Spirit was grinding away:
The Spirit who was available and dynamic at Christ’s origination as the leader of the new creation, by whom He was blessed at immersion (John 1:32-34), who guided Him all through His enticements (Matthew 4:1), enabled Him in His supernatural occurrences (Luke 11:20), empowered Him in His penance (Hebrews 9:14), and vindicated Him in His restoration (1 Timothy 3:16; Romans 1:4), presently inhabits trains in this particular identity.1
Fairly shockingly, while scholars have righty given much time to unloading and systematizing the scriptural educating about the two natures of Jesus, next to no has really been composed – in a focused manner – on the job of the Holy Spirit in the life and service of Jesus. Notwithstanding Ferguson’s work, there is R.A. Finlayson’s accumulation of short expositions titled, Reformed Theological Writings, in which he contributed two short articles- – “The Love of the Spirit in Man’s Redemption” and “The Holy Spirit in the Life of Christ”- – to substance out the embodiment of this immensely significant part of Christology. Nonetheless, it was John Owen, the Prince of the Puritan scholars, who has composed what is ostensibly the most significant treatment regarding this matter. In vol. 3 of his works, Owen set out eleven manners by which the Holy Spirit is said to have worked in the life and service of Jesus in the Scriptures:
“First the encircling, shaping, and inexplicable origination of the collection of Christ in the belly of the favored Virgin was the particular and particular work of the Holy Ghost…2
Second, the human instinct of Christ being in this manner shaped in the belly by a making demonstration of the Holy Spirit, was in the moment of its origination blessed, and loaded up with effortlessness as indicated by the proportion of its receptivity…3
Third, the Spirit carried on that work whose establishment he had consequently laid. Furthermore, two things are to be here perseveringly watched:
- That the Lord Christ, as man, did and was to practice all beauty by the normal resources and forces of his spirit, his getting, will, and affections; for he acted elegance as a man, “made of a lady, made under the law.”
- The human instinct of Christ was equipped for having new items proposed to its brain and comprehension, whereof before it had a straightforward ignorance…
Fourth, the Holy Spirit, in an impossible to miss way, blessed him with each one of those uncommon powers and endowments which were essential for the activity and releasing of his office on the earth…4
Fifth, it was in a particular way by the intensity of the Holy Spirit he created those extraordinary and supernatural works whereby his service was validated unto and confirmed…5
6th, by him was he guided, coordinated, ameliorated, bolstered, in the entire course of his service, enticements, dutifulness, and sufferings. Somewhere in the range of few occurrences on this head may suffice…6
Seventh, He offered himself up unto God through the unceasing Spirit, Heb. 9:14…7
Eighth, there was a curious work of the Holy Spirit towards the Lord Christ while he was in the condition of the dead; for here our first guideline must be recollected,- – specifically, that despite the association of the human instinct of Christ with the awesome individual of the Son, yet the correspondences of God unto it, past subsistence, were voluntary…8
Ninth, there was an impossible to miss work of the Holy Spirit in his revival, this being the finishing demonstration in establishing the framework of the congregation, whereby Christ went into his rest,- – the extraordinary declaration given unto the completing of crafted by recovery, with the fulfillment of God in that, and his approval of the individual of the Redeemer…9
Tenth, it was the Holy Spirit that celebrated the human instinct [of Christ], and made it each path meet for its interminable living arrangement at the correct hand of God, and an example of the glorification of the groups of them that accept on him…10
There is one more work of the Holy Spirit, not promptly in and upon the individual of the Lord Christ, however towards him, and on his sake, with deference unto his work and office; and it contains the head and wellspring of the entire office of the Holy Spirit towards the congregation. This was his observer bearing unto the Lord Christ,- – to be specific, that he was the Son of God, the genuine Messiah, and that the work which he performed on the planet was submitted unto him by God the Father to accomplish…”11
1. Sinclair Ferguson The Holy Spirit (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1996) p. 72
2. Owen, J. (n.d.). The works of John Owen. (W. H. Goold, Ed.) (Vol. 3, p. 160). Edinburgh: T&T Clark. p. 160.
3. Ibid., pp. 160-161.
4. Ibid., p. 162.
5. Ibid., p. 168.
6. Ibid., p. 171.
7. Ibid., p. 174.
8. Ibid., p. 174.
9. Ibid., p. 176.
10. Ibid., p. 180.
11. Ibid., p. 181.